You want to build a house on an empty land which reaches all buildings in the shortest amount of distance. You can only move up, down, left and right. You are given a 2D grid of values 0, 1 or 2, where:
Each 0 marks an empty land which you can pass by freely. Each 1 marks a building which you cannot pass through. Each 2 marks an obstacle which you cannot pass through. For example, given three buildings at (0,0), (0,4), (2,2), and an obstacle at (0,2):
1 - 0 - 2 - 0 - 1 | | | | | 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 | | | | | 0 - 0 - 1 - 0 - 0 The point (1,2) is an ideal empty land to build a house, as the total travel distance of 3+3+1=7 is minimal. So return 7.
Note: There will be at least one building. If it is not possible to build such house according to the above rules, return -1.
how to solve
I use breadth-first Search. I can count the distance from the each building by using bfs. One of the difficult thing is which I have to notice the possibility of this problem. To do so, I calculate the Count of the number of which how many building can reach. If this number is as same as the number of buildings I can judge this count is according to the rules